Life Insurance Policy Investment Returns – How To Calculate

(Last Updated On: March 4, 2018)

Life Insurance Policy Investment Returns – How To Calculate. When you are planning to invest in an Insurance Policy, it is natural to doubt whether it is the best investment option available to you at that point of time. You may be also eager to know how much investment returns you will get from the policy. In this post let us have a detailed discussion about methods to calculate the investment returns of an insurance policy.

Before going into the investment return calculations, it is good the know the major types of policies available in the market.

Major types of Life Insurance Policies available in the market

1. Conventional policies: These are the most popular type of life insurance policy in the current scenario. Conventional policies include, ‘Endowment Assurance(Sum assured along with accrued bonuses are paid to the policy holder at the time of maturity) and ‘Money back(Sum Assured is paid as several periodical instalments and the accrued bonus is paid along with the final instalment or maturity) type of policies.

2. Unit Linked Insurance Policies (ULIP): ULIPs are specialised insurance polices where the amount is invested in the share market, bonds or money market depending on the type of the fund selected. Invested amount is converted into units based on the unit price available at the time of purchase. Maturity value or the surrender value shall be the amount equal to the unit price (available on that particular date) multiplied by the total number of units available.

3. Term Insurance Policies: Term Insurance policies are pure insurance oriented plans where no savings portion shall be available. There will be no maturity value or surrender value for these type of policies.

Components of Conventional Policy Premium

Conventional policies or Endowment Assurance type of policies provides two types of benefits to the policy holders.

  1. Insurance Benefits
  2. Investment Benefits

So naturally the premium paid for the plan will also include elements of both these components. Before calculating the rate of returns of the plan, we should remove the insurance component from the premium paid and obtain the savings component in the policy.

A simple method is to find out the premium payable for a pure term insurance policy and subtract it from the total premium payable.

How to calculate the investment returns of an Insurance Policy?

In order to find out the savings element in an insurance policy, let us consider the premium payable by a person for taking an Endowment Assurance Plan and a Term Assurance Plan.

Endowment Vs Term – Details Considered for Comparison
Age : 35 Years Sum Assured : 10,00,000 Term : 25 Years Premium Payment : 25 Years
Comparison of Premium – Endowment Vs Term Assurance
Savings Plan : LIC’s Endowment Assurance Plan (814) Term Insurance Plan : LIC’s Anmol Jeevan (822)
Yearly Premium* (1) 38,866 Yearly Premium*(2) 4,910
Total Premium Paid in 25 Years 9,71,650 Total Premium paid in 25 Years (2) 1,22,750
Savings portion of premium

(1) – (2)

33,956 Term Insurance Portion of premium (2) 4,910
* Premium without GST is considered

So, from the above calculation savings portion for a 25 year term, endowment assurance  policy is Rs. 38,866 per year and the total savings portion premium comes to 8,48,900 only.

Approximate Maturity Value Calculation – Endowment Assurance Plan (based on current bonus rates)

For an Endowment Assurance plan, maturity amount includes following components.

  1. Sum Assured
  2. Bonus
  3. Final Additional Bonus

Approximate maturity amount calculation for the plan considered in the aforementioned  example as per the current bonus rates is given below.

Endowment Assurance Policy – Maturity amount calculation
Sum Assured 10,00,000 Term 25 Years
Bonus Rate* Rs. 48 / 1000 SA (per year) Final Additional Bonus Rate 450 / 1000 SA
Approximate Maturity Amount*
Sum Assured 10,00,000
Bonus (48*10,00,000*25/1000) 12,00,000
Final Additional Bonus (450*100000/1000) 4,50,000
Total Maturity Amount 26,50,000*
Calculation of Internal Rate of Return (IRR) – Insurance Policy

Internal rate of any periodic investment can be easily calculated using the IRR function of Microsoft Excel. As the savings portion premium in the above mentioned example is just Rs. 33,956 and the expected maturity value* is Rs. 26,50,000 , we can calculate the Internal Rate of Return (IRR) using these values. The calculation is given in the figure given below.Life insurance policy investment returns calculate IRR

From the above calculation, we can understand that the Endowment Assurance policy, as mentioned in the example given above, is giving an Internal Rate of Return (IRR) of 7.93 %.

Investment returns of 7.93% in the current market scenario of dwindling interest rates is really attractive from any angle of view.

Investment returns in Insurance Vs Bank Fixed Deposits

In the present scenario, banks are offering interest rates around 6% per annum and the rates are in the trend of going down further. Further, bank interest returns are subject to income Tax also. This again brings down the effective interest rates further.

On the other hand insurance policies offer Income Tax benefits also. Premium paid is eligible for income tax rebates u/s 80 C and maturity amount is exempted from income tax u/s 10(10D) of income tax act.

* Maturity value of insurance policy is calculated based on the bonus rates and may vary depending on the experiences of LIC of India.

Read more:

LIC Bonus rates 2016-17 with Charts and Illustrations

Insurance vs Other investment – Everything you need to know

 

 

 

Anish L J
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Anish L J

Anish L J is a 'Financial Planner' and member of Chartered Insurance Institute(CII), London and Insurance Institute of India. He is also a finance, insurance and software consultant. He thoroughly follows the developments in finance, insurance, and other related sectors.
Anish L J
Follow me

Anish L J

Anish L J is a 'Financial Planner' and member of Chartered Insurance Institute(CII), London and Insurance Institute of India. He is also a finance, insurance and software consultant. He thoroughly follows the developments in finance, insurance, and other related sectors.

4 thoughts on “Life Insurance Policy Investment Returns – How To Calculate

  • February 25, 2019 at 7:44 am
    Permalink

    Sir, article is very good but you did not include DAB premium with term insurance premium i.e. Rs. 1000/- for sum assured 10 lacs. After including DAB the return will come above 8%.

    Reply
    • February 25, 2019 at 3:48 pm
      Permalink

      Hi Tushar,
      What you said is right. Actually, I wanted to show that even conventional policies can give decent returns compared to other investment methods. Well, I shall add this point when I update the article. Thank you.

      Reply
  • March 16, 2019 at 2:15 pm
    Permalink

    Mr. Anish,
    Why will anyone open bank FD if his timeframe of investment is 25 years?
    There is something called PPF which offers 8% returns today and it can go up or go down. Most importantly it provides a compounding effect for 25 years. So the effective returns will be much greater than 8%. The investment also saves taxes on 80C and the maturity amount is tax free as well.
    For any reason, you cannot deposit 33,000 no one will penalise you. It gives an option to withdraw if you want to for any emergency reasons.
    You are readily taking the returns from Endowment plans as constant for 25 years while no endowment plan guarantees that. But you will say bank interest rates are 6% and it will only go down.
    Endowment plans jail you for 25 years, you cant get out in the middle without losing plenty. Bonuses are not guaranteed and the insurers mention the same in the plan itself.
    If you want to call yourself a ‘financial planner’ (certainly not a SEBI registered one), please do not mislead people to make them buy useless endowment plans. It is a crime for someone like you. Be a responsible ‘financial planner’

    Reply
    • March 16, 2019 at 4:16 pm
      Permalink

      Hi Pradeep,
      Thank you for commenting and expressing your concerns.
      Here at InsuranceFunda, I am providing the details of various financial products in simple and easy to understand manner. It is not intended as a comparison between products and to find out the best out of them. You may agree with me that each financial product is different with its own merits and demerits. I just wanted to clarify certain doubts about the life insurance product.
      You can go through my articles on other savings products such as PPF, RD, Mutual funds, ULIPs etc. also. I have mentioned the merits of all of them. Please check these articles.

    • National Pension System – Everything you need to know
    • NPS calculator
    • Post office savings schems
    • Mutual fund investments
    • Things to know before investing in ULIPS
    • and so on. In none of my articles I have mentioned one is better than other. In saving and investment each person can have his own view and can take informed decisions with more knowledge about each product. If you feel that any of the points mentioned in my post is wrong or misleading please bring to my attention so that I can look into it.
      And I also like to add that I am qualified enough to be a financial planner in India and if you want to verify it I’ll be happy to clarify your doubts in this regard.
      Thanking again for visiting InsuranceFunda.

      Reply

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